The Science Behind Curing Cannabis Buds

The Science Behind Curing Cannabis Buds
The Science Behind Curing Cannabis Buds

The Science Behind Curing Cannabis Buds

During the cannabis curing process, several chemical and biochemical changes occur in the cannabis buds, which help to enhance their flavor, potency, and overall quality. These changes occur due to the breakdown and transformation of various compounds present in the plant.

The primary objective of curing cannabis buds is to remove moisture from them while maintaining their terpene and cannabinoid profile. This is typically done by drying the buds slowly, over the course of several days to several weeks, at a low temperature and controlled humidity.

Here are some of the main chemical processes that occur during the cannabis curing process:

Degradation of chlorophyll:

As the plant dries, chlorophyll begins to break down, leading to the development of yellow and brown pigments. This process is necessary as chlorophyll can make the buds taste harsh and grassy.


As the plant dries, oxidation occurs, which converts certain compounds in the plant into other compounds. For example, the cannabinoid THCA (tetrahydrocannabinolic acid) is converted into THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the compound responsible for the psychoactive effects of cannabis. This process can also help to increase the potency of the buds.

Terpene development:

Terpenes are aromatic compounds that are responsible for the unique flavors and aromas of different cannabis strains. During the curing process, terpenes continue to develop and become more prominent, leading to a better-tasting and smelling product.

Reduction of moisture:

The curing process is designed to remove moisture from the buds. This not only makes the buds more pleasant to smoke, but it also helps to prevent mold and other microbial growth.

Overall, the curing process is a critical step in the production of high-quality cannabis buds. By controlling the temperature, humidity, and other environmental factors, cultivators can create a final product that is more potent, flavourful, and enjoyable to consume.

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