What Is A Hermaphrodite (Hermy) Cannabis Plant

What Is A Hermaphrodite Cannabis Plant?
Hermaphrodite Cannabis Plant
Hermaphrodite Cannabis Plant

Hermaphrodite Cannabis Plants: A Comprehensive Insight

Cannabis cultivation has gained significant momentum, thanks to the legalisation of its medical and recreational use in various countries. As growers become more interested in producing high-quality cannabis, understanding the plant’s biology and growth patterns is essential. One peculiar aspect of cannabis plants is the occurrence of hermaphroditism. In this article, we explore the phenomenon of hermaphrodite cannabis plants, their causes, implications, and how to address them.

What is a Hermaphrodite Cannabis Plant?

Cannabis plants, like many other species, generally exhibit distinct male and female characteristics, playing a vital role in their reproduction. However, under certain circumstances, a cannabis plant can develop both male and female reproductive organs, making it a hermaphrodite. Hermaphrodite cannabis plants possess the ability to produce pollen and self-pollinate, leading to fertilisation and seed production.

Causes of Hermaphroditism in Cannabis Plants

Several factors can lead to hermaphroditism in cannabis plants:


Some cannabis strains have a higher propensity for hermaphroditism due to their genetic makeup. In some cases, this trait is intentionally bred into plants for seed production purposes. However, most growers prefer to avoid hermaphrodite plants as they can compromise the quality and yield of their crop.

Environmental stress:

Adverse conditions such as extreme temperatures, inadequate lighting, irregular water supply, or poor nutrition can stress cannabis plants and trigger hermaphroditism. This is a survival mechanism that enables the plant to ensure reproduction, even under suboptimal conditions.

Physical damage:

Injuries to the plant, such as pruning or bending, can also induce hermaphroditism. Physical stress signals the plant to develop reproductive organs of both sexes to improve its chances of reproduction.

Implications of Hermaphrodite Cannabis Plants

Hermaphrodite cannabis plants pose several challenges for growers:

Reduced yield:

When a hermaphrodite cannabis plant self-pollinates, it diverts energy towards seed production instead of focusing on growing large, resinous buds. This reduces the overall yield and quality of the crop.

Pollen contamination:

The pollen released by hermaphrodite plants can pollinate nearby female plants, causing them to produce seeds as well. This impacts the quality and potency of the harvested buds, making them less desirable for consumption.

How to Address Hermaphroditism in Cannabis Plants

To minimise the risk of hermaphrodite cannabis plants in your cultivation, consider the following steps:

Choose reliable genetics:

Selecting cannabis strains with low hermaphroditic tendencies and a stable genetic lineage can reduce the chances of developing hermaphrodite plants.

Provide a stable environment:

Maintain optimal growing conditions, including consistent lighting, temperature, humidity, and nutrition, to minimise plant stress.

Monitor your plants:

Regularly inspect your cannabis plants for signs of hermaphroditism, such as the appearance of both pollen sacs and pistils. Early detection allows you to remove the affected plants before they can pollinate others.

Practice gentle handling:

When pruning or training your plants, handle them with care to avoid causing physical stress that could lead to hermaphroditism.

Final Thoughts

Hermaphrodite cannabis plants can pose challenges for growers seeking to produce high-quality, seedless buds. By understanding the causes and implications of hermaphroditism, cultivators can take appropriate measures to minimise the occurrence of hermaphrodite plants and maintain the integrity of their crops. Regular monitoring, good cultivation practices, and selecting suitable strains are essential steps in preventing and managing hermaphroditism in cannabis plants. By investing time and effort in maintaining optimal conditions and monitoring plant health, growers can significantly reduce the risk of hermaphroditism and ensure a bountiful, high-quality harvest.

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